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Saturday, August 1, 2020 | History

2 edition of Acoustic trauma in regular army personnel. found in the catalog.

Acoustic trauma in regular army personnel.

Altti Salmivalli

Acoustic trauma in regular army personnel.

Clinical audiologic study.

by Altti Salmivalli

  • 356 Want to read
  • 37 Currently reading

Published in Turku .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Acoustic trauma.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. [79]-85.

    SeriesActa oto-laryngologica. Supplementum, 222
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsRA772.N7 S3
    The Physical Object
    Pagination85 p.
    Number of Pages85
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL5676323M
    LC Control Number68140325

      Background: During military actions, soldiers are constantly exposed to various forms of potentially harmful noises. Acute acoustic trauma (AAT) results from an impact, unexpected intense noise ≥ dB, which generates a high-energy sound wave that can damage the auditory system.   Instead of attempting to establish that the acoustic trauma he suffered while in the military led to hearing loss following his service, Reeves would only have had to show that the hearing disability he incurred in service was a chronic condition that persisted in the years following his active duty.”, see Reeves v. Shinseki, No.

    When the ears are not protected, acoustic trauma develops in about 10% of military conscripts and 60% of regular army personnel. Article Metrics Views Citations Crossref 0 Web of Science 0 Scopus 7. Altmetric Article metrics information Disclaimer for citing articles. More Share Options. the Regular Army, the Army National Guard/Army National Guard of the United States, and the U.S. Army Reserve unless otherwise stated. Also, it applies to persons involved in the operation, aviation training, standardization, and maintenance of such aircraft and systems including aircraft on loan, lease, and bailment to the Army, the.

    The advantages of such trainings for military personnel are clear. A study in Military Medicine, for example, reported that military surgeons embedded in a civilian trauma center treated nearly six times more cases than surgeons in a nearby military er, the military orthopedic trauma surgeon working at the civilian center performed cases that met an Air Force combat. On this World Trauma Day, let us take a look at what acoustic trauma is and how one gets it. You develop acoustic trauma when high-decibel noise causes injury in your inner ear. Acoustic trauma develops once you get exposed single, very loud noise or from exposure to noises at significant decibels over a longer period [1].


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Acoustic trauma in regular army personnel by Altti Salmivalli Download PDF EPUB FB2

Acoustic trauma in regular army personnel. Clinical audiologic study. Acta Oto-Laryngologica (Suppl ):1– Salvi RJ, Lockwood AH, Burkard R. Neural plasticity and tinnitus. The book stresses the importance of conducting hearing tests (audiograms) at the beginning and end of military service for all military personnel and.

Labarère J, Lemardeley P, Vincey P, Desjeux G, Pascal B. Acute acoustic trauma in military personnel. Evaluation of 1 year epidemiologic surveillance.

Presse Med. ; – by: 3. Military personnel are usually exposed to high levels of IN and can suffer from a wide range of IN effects on hearing including acoustic trauma (). It has been shown that auditory symptoms including hearing loss and tinnitus increase during military service.

More than 28% of US and 30% of army personnel suffer from hearing loss (7, 8 Cited by: 9. Author(s): Salmivalli,Altti Title(s): Acoustic trauma in regular army personnel: clinical audiologic study/ by Altti Salmivalli.

Country of Publication: Finland. Military acoustic trauma: incidence and management This is a retrospective study on the effects of acute acoustic trauma on the hearing thresholds of military personnel.

The main symptom after acute acoustic trauma due to firearm use was tinnitus. The authors consider it as the main indicator of acoustic trauma. Acoustic trauma is an injury to the inner ear that’s often caused by exposure to a high-decibel noise.

This injury can occur after exposure to a single, very loud noise or from exposure to. Figure 1: Change in the incidence rate of acute acoustic trauma and its 95% CI declared to the French Military Epidemiological Sur veillance System ( –n = 10,).

Salmivalli, A. (): Acoustic trauma in regular army personnel. Acta Otolaryngologica, Introduction: Acoustic blast trauma is different from Noise induced hearing loss. Blast trauma can.

Acute acoustic trauma in the French armed forces during (HPDs) available for all service members, and regular hearing monitoring.

A working group has been set up and has proposed an informative chapter in the weapon handling instruction book, an AAT simulator, and a new HPD, the 3M® earplug, with an information brochure. This study concerns the possibilities of controlling noise exposure during military shooting practice.

Without any noise-control measures on open ground, the average noise exposure was dB for a trainer and dB for a trainee (L Aeq5min), i.e. 80. Acoustic Trauma in Regular Army Personnel Salmivalli S. Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine: April - Volume 10 - Issue 4 - ppg Abstract: PDF Only ".

Article Tools. Article as PDF ( KB) Print this Article. Context: Despite existing preventive measures, the number of acute acoustic trauma (AAT) cases reported to the French Military Epidemiological Surveillance System (MESS) remains : The objective of this study was to describe AAT and the preventive measures already ts and Methods: We conducted a descriptive cross-sectional analysis of AAT using data from the MESS.

The U.S. military services, drawing on the experiences of civilian trauma systems in monitoring trauma care delivery, have begun to implement their own registries, emphasizing injury incidence and. Acoustic trauma in regular army personnel.

Clinical audiologic study. Salmivalli A. Acta Otolaryngol, Suppl01 Jan Cited by: 1 article | PMID: Auditory effects of acoustic impulses from firearms. Kryter KD, Garinther GR.

Acta Otolaryngol Suppl. In this study 26 cases of blast injury to ear were studied. Both ears were affected in 9 cases and therefore the number of ears studied being The audiological findings along with the treatment and a followup of 2 years is found that mixed.

lAD O US ARMY MEDICAL RESEARCH LABORATORY IrORT KNOX, K I CKv REPORT NO. %4 RECOVERY FROM IMPULSE NOISE. INDUCED ACOUSTIC TRAUMA by 3Lt Colonel J. Fletcher, MSC and Captain A.

Cairns.- MC 2Z November Distribution of this docurment is unlimited. Acoustic Trauma is conceded. I have hearing loss for VA purposes. "Mr was tested in this clinic on 2/28/17 to establish VA benefits for hearing loss. As per his military history, he has experienced tinnitus immediately following and since his noise experiences following acoustic trauma with weapons as well as environmental military noise.

An abbreviated version (Sacham, ) of the POMSs inventory (McNair et al., ) was used in an attempt to assess distinct mood states among the tested task consisted of asking the subject to answer according to their present and past few days mood.

The abbreviated POMS is an adjective checklist of 37 items rated on a five-point scale that ranges from (1) “not at all” to (5. ACUTE ACOUSTIC TRAUMA Acute acoustic trauma (AAT) is defined as a sud-den loss of hearing, partial or complete, caused by an extremely loud sound, a severe blow to the head, or other trauma.

The greatest loss of hearing typically occurs at 4, Hz. It may be temporary or permanent. When of short duration, it is termed a temporary. Earlier studies presenting evidence that operational deployment negatively affects mental health outcomes among military personnel and veterans generally have lacked conclusiveness, largely because of cross-sectional or retrospective design.

Purpose. To review longitudinal studies investigating mental health outcomes of military personnel. OBJECTIVES To investigate the relation between different types of exposure to noise and a classic sign of noise induced hearing loss (NIHL), the audiometric notch.

METHODS The study sample had exposure to both continuous and impulse noise and was drawn from a population of electrical transmission workers. Audiograms, taken as part of a hearing conservation programme, were read by three.Personal protective equipment (PPE) is protective clothing, helmets, goggles, or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer's body from injury or hazards addressed by protective equipment include physical, electrical, heat, chemicals, biohazards, and airborne particulate tive equipment may be worn for job-related occupational safety and health.

Acoustic trauma is heavily associated with work in occupational contexts that involves high-noise environments, such as many types of industrial work.

It is also common among those who serve in the military. OSHA considers it to be a normal form of workplace injury.